Zero Clearance Auxiliary Bearings for Magnetic Bearing Systems

Chen, H.M., Walton II, J.F. and Heshmat, H. “Zero Clearance Auxiliary Bearings for Magnetic Bearing Systems,” Paper No. 97-GT-112, ASME TURBO EXPO ‘97, Orlando, Florida, June 2-5, 1997, (1997) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper), 8 p.

Active magnetic bearings (AMBs) while offering many unique design and operational opportunities for advanced rotor systems, require some form of backup or auxiliary bearing in the event of a component failure or the onset of high transient loads.  A zero clearance auxiliary bearing (ZCAB) has recently been conceived and a prototype system tested.  The ZCAB presented in this paper uses a series of interconnected rollers to surround a shaft.  In the open position, a clearance exists between the ZCAB rollers and the shaft.  When the shaft drops on the ZCAB due to either an AMB failure or transient shock, the rollers move circumferentially and radially inward to eliminate the clearance and re-center the shaft.  Beside centering the shaft, the low shaft-to-ZCAB traction coefficient and composite support dynamic characteristics eliminate the possibility of backward whirl.  This paper presents the design methodology used, results of an analytical design study, including time transient analysis, as well as preliminary feasibility prototype testing under simulated AMB failure and transient shock conditions.  The test rotor was supported by a rolling element bearing at one end and an integrated magnetic bearing/ZCAB support system at the other end.  Both rotor drop and shock tests were performed with this configuration.  experimental results under simulated AMB failure and transient shock conditions demonstrated successful operation of the ZCAB. 


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